Non-Core Vaccines for Dogs
Non-core vaccines for dogs include Bordetella, Leptospirosis vaccines, Corona and Influenza. Bordetella (B. bronchiseptica) is a bacteria commonly associated with respiratory infections in dogs. It is one of the more common bacterial causes of canine infectious tracheobronchitis – also known as kennel cough. This vaccine is strongly recommended if your dog attends day care, visits dog parks, boarding kennels or any other location where he/she comes into nose-to-nose contact with other dogs. Bordetella is highly contagious, easily transmitted through the air or direct contact, and fairly resistant to destruction in the environment.
Leptospirosis is caused by a bacteria (Leptospira interrogans) found in soil, water, and the urine of infected animals. It affects dogs but can also infect other animals, including humans. If not diagnosed and treated early, Leptospirosis can be deadly. L. interrogans can survive in water and are frequently found in swamps, streams, lakes, and standing water. The bacteria also live in moist soil and outbreaks occur often after flooding. Your veterinarian will recommend Leptospirosis vaccination if your dog is at risk.
Corona-Canine coronavirus infection (CCV) is a highly contagious intestinal disease that can be found in dogs all around the world. The coronavirus replicates itself inside the small intestine and is limited to the upper two-thirds of the small intestine and local lymph nodes. The symptoms of a CCV infection vary. Sometimes, a single instance of vomiting and a few days of explosive diarrhea (liquid, yellow-green or orange) may occur. Fever is typically very rare, while anorexia and depression are more common.
Influenza-Canine influenza is a relatively new disease. It was first diagnosed in 2004 in a group of racing greyhounds in Florida. Testing has shown that the virus mutated from a strain of equine influenza and gained the ability to spread from dog to dog. Since then, canine influenza has moved across the country, now being found in 30 states and the District of Columbia. Colorado, New York, Florida, and Pennsylvania are notorious canine flu hot spots. Typically, dogs will cough, sneeze, have a runny nose, lose their appetite, and be somewhat lethargic but get better with symptomatic care only. A small percentage of dogs do go on to develop pneumonia, which proves fatal in about 10 percent of cases.